Amplasament / Location: Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spania / Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain Nume proiect / Project name: Staţie de Poliţie în Villanueva de la Cañada / Police Station in Villanueva de la Cañada Finalizare / Completion: 2008 Suprafaţă sit / Site area: 2308 mp / sqm Suprafaţă construită / Construction area: 1155 mp / sqm Arhitecţi / Architects: Maria José de Blas Gutiérrez, Rubén Picado Fernández Colaboratori / Collaborators: Roberto García Torés, Rafael Valín Alcocer Consultant structură / Structure consultant: H.C.A Juan Antonio Domínguez, Consultant instalaţii / Installation consultant: MAPROING Promotor / Promoter: Ayuntamiento y Comunidad de Madrid
From the outset, one of the aspects that determined the geometric design of the proposal was the type of program that a police station requires, with a clear separation between public and private areas in its circulation paths, for both pedestrians and vehicles. These considerations led to choosing a centralized structure basically organized in two levels.
The more public and permeable level, accessible from the perimeter garden, takes up the ground floor and concentrates the public service areas, the offices and the computer department. This area is connected with the other building, also circular though of smaller size, devoted to auxiliary services, offices, parking and Civil Defense area, through a main lobby of restricted access that separates the car circulation paths from the pedestrian ones, thus favoring the control and security of circulations inside the building. In this way, both parts are completely independent, except for the public access area, which is communal.
The marked horizontality of the design characterizes the volume, focussing on the relationship between the different elements and the interior voids that form it, as well as between the pieces and the exterior porticoes. The result is transferred to a vast floor and ceiling surface, between which rise large glass walls that serve, firstly, as filters to illuminate the interior of the larger volume and, secondly, as «lightweight» partitions to articulate this continuous space. All of this is organized concentrically, so that all the central corridors are top lit thanks to a T-shaped beam (very similar to the exterior canopy) that serves as protection for the vehicles. Finally, the telecommunications tower offers a vertical contrast to the marked horizontal character of the complex and performs as an urban landmark that visually connects the new building with the urban fabric of the town, especially when it is illuminated at night.