Data competitiei / Competition date: 1999 Proiectare / Design: 2000 Perioada constructiei / Construction period: 2001-2003 Client: Gestor de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias, Ministerio de Fomento Autori proiect si asistenta tehnica / Design authors and technical assistance: UTE – P&T, José Mª Valero, Carlos Ferrater Arhitectura / Architecture: Carlos Ferrater, José Mª Valero, Elena Mateu, Félix Arranz Inginerie structurala / Structural engineering: Juan Calvo (PONDIO), Juan Luis Bellod (CESMA) Instalatii / Installations: P&T – Juan Broseta, Eduardo Bononad, Olga Guillén Sef unitate asistenta tehnica / Chief of technical assistance unit: Amado Vila Colaboratori arhitectura / Architecture collaborators: Manel Bermudo, Montse Abad, Gonzalo Urbizu, Jesús Marcuello Antreprenor / Contractor: UTE Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas y Ferrovial S.A.
The project provides for an urban system involving buildings, civic rail infrastructure and landscape.
Just as in earlier times the cathedral was the cohering representative scheme of the urban organisation, so here it is hoped that the implantation of the rail station will provide a functional, contemporary and emblematic boost to town planning, one representative of its time.
The functional program of the station and its surroundings brings together, then, urban transport and such complementary social and commercial communication service as hotels, a business centre, a liaison centre, infobox, a museum of railway history, a park and leisure facilities.
Photo by Oscar-García
The station itself is made up of large pointed elements of white concrete, thus defining, by means of this constructional system and the possibilities of the jutting bodies and cantilevers of concrete, each of the situations related to the transit, funnelling and protection of the users: entrances, intermediary spaces, concourses and main hall. The roof, resolved with lightweight materials and suspended on nine metal arches that rest on the main concrete volumes, is arranged as a triangular floating composition of light, reflection and constructional geometry. Inside the building, and at night, the illumination of the arches makes is contribution as an element of the dramatic new iconography of 21st-century Zaragoza.
Photo by Wojtek Gurak
Different communication and installation technologies reinforce the architectonic discourse proposed in relation to the informational aspects, use and comfort of the main space of the concourses: conveniently placed multimedia panels and wall-size video screens allow the traveler to visualise the time table and environmental conditions of the station and of his or her destination.
As to its precise implantation, the new urban system is adapted to the conditions of the existing surroundings and traffic in a way compatible with the appearance of high-density urban roads -–ring roads -, currently supplementing the nearby motorways and exit avenues from the city, in such a way that earlier problems of the physical and visual links between the once separate neighbourhoods of the Almazara and Las Delicias, the nature reserve in the crook of the River Ebro and the Alfajería Park are resolved.
Photo by Wojtek Gurak